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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 2 | Dryopteridaceae | Athyrium

1a. Athyrium alpestre var. americanum Butters, Rhodora. 19: 204. 1917.

American alpine lady fern, athyrie alpestre sous-espèce américaine

Athyrium alpestre subsp. americanum (Butters) Lellinger; A. alpestre var. gaspense Fernald; A. americanum (Butters) Maxon; A. distentifolium Tausch ex Opiz subsp. americanum (Butters) Hultén; A. distentifolium var. americanum (Butters) Cronquist

Stems ascending or short-creeping. Petiole straw-colored or red-brown distally, (7--)10--30 cm, base dark red-brown to black with 2 rows of teeth, swollen; scales at base brown to dark brown, lanceolate or broadly lanceolate, 13 × 3(--5) mm. Blade narrowly elliptic or lanceolate, 2--3-pinnate-pinnatifid, 15--55(--65) × 3--25 cm, moderately narrowed proximally, broadest below middle, apex acuminate. Pinnae short-stalked, narrowly deltate to deltate-oblong, apex acute. Pinnules deeply pinnatifid, segments oblong, crenulate. Rachis , costae, and costules with small, pale brown scales. Veins pinnate. Sori round to elliptic; indusia absent or very minute, scalelike. 2 n = 80.

Wet talus slopes, rocky hillsides, alpine meadows; 600--3100 m; Greenland; Alta., B.C., Nfld., Que., Yukon; Alaska, Calif., Colo., Idaho, Mont., Nev., Oreg., Utah, Wash., Wyo.

Athyrium alpestre var. americanum differs from var. distentifolium of Europe in its more finely dissected leaves with crenulate pinnule-segments, relatively broader pinnae with abruptly larger basal pinnules, and much more rudimentary indusia, if any. Japanese plants are more similar to var. americanum than to var. distentifolium , and they need further study.


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