All Floras      Advanced Search
FNA Vol. 3 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 3 | Fumariaceae | Corydalis

2. Corydalis caseana A. Gray, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts. 10: 69. 1874.


Plants perennial, glaucous, from large, fleshy roots. Stems 1-several, 10-15 dm or more. Leaves ca. 5, compound, to 10 dm; blade with 2-4 orders of leaflets and lobes; ultimate lobes of proximal cauline leaves narrowly to broadly elliptic, 1-5 cm, apiculate. Inflorescences paniculate, 50 or more flowers on primary axis; bracts inconspicuous, linear or narrowly elliptic, rarely wider, proximal bracts ca. 10 mm, distal greatly reduced. Flowers ascending or spreading; pedicel 3-5 mm; sepals persistent, round and irregularly dentate to ovate, lunate, or attenuate-lanceolate with broad, sometimes lobed base, 2-3 mm; petals light pink to white, inner ones tipped reddish purple; spurred petal often incurved, 16-25 mm, spur tapered or not, 9-16 mm, apex obtuse, crest absent, inconspicuous, or extending into beak beyond petal apices, marginal wing narrow to broad, conspicuous; unspurred outer petal 10-15 mm; inner petals 7-12 mm, claw 3-5 mm; nectariferous spur 1/2-3/4 length of petal spur; style 3-4 mm; stigma roughly rectangular, with 8 papillae. Capsules reflexed, ellipsoid, 10-15 × ca. 3-5 mm. Seeds ca. 2.5 mm diam., with numerous minute protuberances.

Subspecies 5 (5 in the flora): w United States.

Significant livestock losses have been caused by ingestion of Corydalis caseana , which is palatable to both cattle and sheep, despite the toxicity.

1 Outer petals with marginal wing narrow or absent, apex of unspurred outer petal acute; California.   2a subsp. caseana
+ Outer petals with marginal wing moderately to highly developed, apex of unspurred outer petal not acute; other than California.   (2)
2 (1) Outer petals with marginal wing scarcely revolute, apex rounded, sometimes minutely apiculate or notched.   (3)
+ Outer petals with marginal wing distinctly revolute, apex distinctly notched.   (4)
3 (2) Outer petals minutely apiculate; stems mostly 10--15 dm; Colorado and New Mexico.   2b subsp. brandegei
+ Outer petals not minutely apiculate, occasionally minutely notched; stems mostly 4--10 dm; Utah.   2c subsp. brachycarpa
4 (2) Inflorescences profusely branching; outer petals with marginal wing moderately developed, minutely eroded; n Idaho.   2d subsp. hastata
+ Inflorescences not profusely branching; outer petals with marginal wing highly developed, not minutely eroded; ne Oregon and s Idaho.   2e subsp. cusickii

Lower Taxa


 |  eFlora Home |  People Search  |  Help  |  ActKey  |  Hu Cards  |  Glossary  |