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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 3 | Moraceae | Ficus

9. Ficus aurea Nuttall, N. Amer. Sylv. 2: 4, plate 43. 1846.

Strangler fig, golden fig

Ficus aurea var. latifolia Nuttall

Trees , evergreen, to 20 m. Roots aerial, sometimes present on branches, pendent, sometimes reaching ground and forming pillar-roots. Bark gray, smooth. Branchlets yellow. Leaves: stipules 1-1.5 cm; petiole 1-6 cm. Leaf blade ovate to oblong or obovate, 6-12(-15) × 3.5-6 cm, leathery, base rounded to cuneate, margins entire, apex obtuse or shortly and bluntly acuminate; surfaces abaxially and adaxially glabrous; basal veins 1(-2) pairs; lateral veins fewer than 10, if more these not uniformly spaced. Syconia usually paired, usually sessile, rarely with peduncles to 5 mm, red or yellow, obovoid, 6-15 mm diam., glabrous; subtending bracts 2, 3-5 mm, glabrous; ostiole prominent, closed by 3 conspicuous scales.

Flowering spring-summer. Frequent in swamps, tropical hammocks, borders of mangrove swamps; 0-10 m; Fla.; West Indies.


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