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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 3 | Nymphaeaceae | Nuphar

7. Nuphar orbiculata (Small) Standley, Publ. Field Columbian Mus., Bot. Ser. 8: 311. 1931.

Nymphaea orbiculata Small, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 23: 128. 1896; Nuphar lutea (Linnaeus) Smith subsp. orbiculata (Small) E. O. Beal; Nymphaea bombycina G. S. Miller & Standley

Rhizomes ca. 7-8 cm diam. Leaves mostly floating, occasionally submersed; petiole terete. Leaf blade abaxially and adaxially green, often suffused with purple, orbiculate or nearly so, 20-45 × 20-45 cm, 1-1.2 times as long as wide, sinus ca. 1/2 length of midrib, lobes approximate to overlapping; surfaces abaxially densely pubescent. Flowers 4-8 cm diam.; sepals 6, abaxially green to adaxially yellow, never red-tinged toward base; petals oblong, thick; anthers 5-6 mm, longer than filaments. Fruit greenish or yellowish, cylindric to nearly globose, 3.5-5 cm, smooth basally, finely ribbed toward apex, slightly constricted below stigmatic disk; stigmatic disk green, yellow, or sometimes reddened, ca. 30-35 mm diam., undulate; stigmatic rays 12-28, linear or lanceolate, terminating 1-3 mm from margin of disk. Seeds 4-6 mm.

Flowering mid spring-early fall. Acidic ponds; 0-100 m; Ala., Fla., Ga.

Nuphar orbiculata is perhaps best treated as a subspecies. Plants intermediate between it and N . advena occur in southern Georgia and northern Florida.


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