3. Minuartia biflora (Linnaeus) Schinz & Thellung, Bull. Herb. Boissier, sér. 2,. 7: 404. 1907.
Mountain stitchwort or sandwort, minuartie à deux fleurs
Stellaria biflora Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 422. 1753; Alsinopsis biflora (Linnaeus) Rydberg; Lidia biflora (Linnaeus) Á. Löve & D. Löve
Plants perennial, mat-forming. Taproots stout, woody. Stems suberect to ascending, green, 2-10-cm, retrorsely pubescent in lines, internodes of flowering stems 2-7 times as long as leaves. Leaves tightly overlapping or not (vegetative and proximal cauline) or variably spaced (distal cauline), usually connate proximally, with tight, scarious to herbaceous sheath 0.5-1 mm; blade straight to outwardly curved, green, flat, obscurely 1-veined abaxially, oblong or spatulate to elliptic, 5-10 × 0.7-2 mm, flexuous, margins not thickened, scarious, rarely ciliate proximally, apex green or purple, rounded, flat to navicular, shiny, glabrous; axillary leaves mostly absent. Inflorescences 3-5-flowered, open cymes; bracts lanceolate, herbaceous. Pedicels 0.5-1 cm, usually densely stipitate-glandular. Flowers: hypanthium cup-shaped; sepals 3-veined prominently in fruit, oblong to narrowly lanceolate (herbaceous portion often purple, oblong to narrowly oblanceolate), 3.5-4.5 mm, not enlarging in fruit, apex rarely purple, rounded, hooded (at least inner sepals) or not, glabrous to stipitate-glandular proximally; petals white or often lilac, broadly oblanceolate, 1.4-1.7 times as long as sepals, apex truncate, often shallowly notched. Capsules broadly ellipsoid, 5.5 mm, longer than sepals. Seeds brown, suborbiculate with radicle prolonged into beak, slightly compressed, 0.7-0.8 mm, smooth or obscurely scupltured (50×). 2n = 26.
Flowering spring-summer. Dry, calcareous, gravelly to rocky slopes, fell-fields, snow beds, heath in low arctic to alpine areas; 0-2500 m; Greenland; Alta., B.C., Nfld. and Labr. (Labr.), N.W.T., Nunavut, Que., Yukon; Alaska; circumpolar; Europe; Asia.
Specimens labeled Arenaria sajanensis Willdenow ex Schlechtendal from western North America, although sometimes referred to M. biflora (e.g., H. J. Scoggan 1978-1979, part 3), are likely to be M. obtusiloba.