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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 26 | Liliaceae | Fritillaria

15. Fritillaria pluriflora Torrey ex Bentham, Pl. Hartw. 338. 1857.


Bulb scales: large 1–12; small 0–2. Stem 1.5–4.5 dm. Leaves 3–10, alternate, clustered near ground, 6–15 cm; blade elliptic to obovate-oblong. Flowers nodding, not noticeably fragrant; tepals pinkish purple, obovate, 2–3.5 cm, apex rounded to acute, not recurved; nectaries lavender, narrowly linear, 2/3 tepal length; style unbranched. Capsules obtusely angled. 2n = 24.

Flowering Mar--Apr. Adobe soil of interior foothills; of conservation concern; 0--500 m; Calif.

Fritillaria pluriflora is considered rare and endangered in California and is in cultivation.


Witzman, J. A. 1991. The Biology of Fritillaria pluriflora (Liliaceae): A Rare Endemic of the California Flora. M.S. thesis. California State University, Chico.


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