All Floras      Advanced Search
FNA Vol. 26 Page 467, 468, 469, 472, 474 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 26 | Smilacaceae | Smilax

5. Smilax ecirrata (Engelmann ex Kunth) S. Watson in A. Gray et al., Manual ed. 6. 520. 1890 (as ecirrhata).

Coprosmanthus herbaceus (Linnaeus) Kunth var. ecirratus Engelmann ex Kunth, Enum. Pl. 5: 266. 1850; C. ecirratus (Engelmann ex Kunth) Chapman; Nemexia ecirrata (Engelmann ex Kunth) Small; Smilax herbacea Linnaeus var. ecirrata (Engelmann ex Kunth) A. de Candolle

Herbs. Stems annual, erect to leaning, with bladeless bracts proximally, leaves distally, 0.3–0.8 m, herbaceous; prickles absent. Leaves mostly distal (upper 1/2–2/3 of plant); petiole thin, shorter than blade; tendrils few and short or absent; blade thin, broadly elliptic-ovate to subrotund, 9–12 × 5–9 cm, pubescent and not glaucous abaxially, base cordate to truncate, margins entire, convex, apex round to acuminate. Umbels 1–3, proximalmost axillary to bracts below leaves, to 25-flowered, hemispherical to globose. Flowers: perianth green; tepals 3.5–4 mm; anthers ± equaling filaments; ovules (1–)2 per locule; pedicel 0.5–1.3 cm. Berries purplish black, globose, 9–11 mm, not glaucous. 2n = 52.

Flowering May--Jun. Open woods and thickets; 100--800 m; Ont.; Ark., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., Mich., Minn., Mo., Nebr., Ohio, Okla., S.Dak., Tenn., Wis.

Smilax ecirrhata is similar to S. huberi and S. biltmoreana, both with fewer leaves of different shapes.


Related Objects Image Gallery 
  • Illustration
  • Illustration
  • Distribution Map
  • Map

     |  eFlora Home |  People Search  |  Help  |  ActKey  |  Hu Cards  |  Glossary  |