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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 26 | Liliaceae | Lilium

5b. Lilium washingtonianum subsp. purpurascens (Stearn) M. W. Skinner, Novon. 12: 258. 2002.

Cascade lily

Lilium washingtonianum var. purpurascens Stearn, Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 124: 13. 1948; L. purpureum Purdy; L. washingtonianum var. purpureum (Purdy) Purdy 1919, not W. Bull ex Baker 1874

Bulbs variable, subrhizomatous to ± ovoid, 3–10 × 4.4–11.7 cm, 0.3–0.9(–1.4) times taller than long; scales variable, usually notched with 2(–3) poorly defined segments, some clearly 2-segmented or unsegmented, longest 3.3–11.9 cm. Stems to 1.7 m. Leaves in 1–8 whorls or partial whorls, 3–15 leaves per whorl, usually ascending and occasionally nearly clasping stem, rarely horizontal and drooping at tips, 3.7–12.3 × 0.9–4.7 cm, 2–6.5 times longer than wide; margins undulate. Flowers: sepals and petals recurved 2/3 along length from base, mostly or entirely white but aging deep pink or lavender, sometimes with short yellowish stripe extending from basal median nectaries; sepals usually if obscurely purplish adaxially, (6.1–)6.7–9.5 × 0.9–1.6 cm; petals (6.1–)6.6–9.5 × 1.1–1.9 cm; anthers cream, sometimes spotted minutely with magenta on abaxial surface, becoming yellow; pollen pale yellow to occasionally yellow. Capsules usually with 6 longitudinal ridges, 2.8–5.8 × 1.6–2.9 cm, 1.3–2.3 times longer than wide. Seeds 144–231. 2n = 24.

Flowering summer (mid Jun--mid Aug). Forest openings, chaparral, burned clearcuts, roadsides; 300--1700 m; Calif., Oreg.

Subspecies purpurascens replaces the Sierran subsp. washingtonianum near Mount Shasta in Siskiyou County, California, and extends west through the Klamath Mountains and north through the Cascade ranges to Mount Hood in Clackamas County, Oregon. In addition to the characters mentioned in the key, subsp. purpurascens is also distinguished from subsp. washingtonianum by more compact bulbs with longer scales.


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