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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 26 | Liliaceae | Veratrum

3b. Veratrum viride var. eschscholzianum (Roemer & Schultes) Breitung, Canad. Field-Naturalist. 71: 49. 1957 (as eschscholtzii).

Veratrum lobelianum Bernhardi var. [ß] eschscholzianum Roemer & Schultes in J. J. Roemer et al., Syst. Veg. 7(2): 1555. 1830; V. eschscholzianum A. Gray (as eschscholtzii); V. escholtzianum Loesener; V. eschscholtzianum Rydberg ex A. Heller; V. viride Aiton subsp. eschscholzii (A. Gray) Á. Löve & D. Löve; V. viride var. escholtzianoides Loesener

Stems nearly glabrous proximally to densely tomentose distally. Leaves 15–30 × 10–18 cm. Inflorescences with branches spreading to commonly drooping. Flowers erect; tepals deep green to yellowish green, 5–12 mm. 2n = 32.

Flowering summer--fall. Moist meadows, openings in coniferous forests; 0--2500 m; Alta., B.C., N.W.T., Yukon; Alaska, Calif., Idaho, Mont., Oreg., Wash.

Western Native Americans (Bella Colla, Cowlitz, Kwakiutl, Okanagan, Quinault, Salishan, Shuswap, and Thompson) used Veratrum viride var. eschscholzianum as an analgesic, antirheumatic, emetic, laxative, and poison, as well as a cold, blood, heart, orthopedic, and skin aid (D. E. Moerman 1986). Native Americans from northern British Columbia and the Yukon Territory consumed young plants as herbage (A. E. Porsild 1951; G. A. Mulligan and D. B. Munro 1987).


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