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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 9 | Rosaceae | Prunus

16. Prunus subhirtella Miquel, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi. 2: 91. 1865.

Higan cherry

Trees, not suckering, 30–100 dm, not thorny. Twigs with terminal end buds, hairy. Leaves deciduous; petiole 5–10 mm, hairy, glandular distally or on margins at bases of blades; blade elliptic, oblong-ovate, or ovate, 3–8 × 1.5–4 cm, base obtuse, margins doubly serrate, teeth sharp, glandular, apex acuminate, abaxial surface hairy along midribs and veins, adaxial glabrous or with appressed hairs along midrib. Inflorescences 2–5-flowered, umbellate fascicles. Pedicels 8–22 mm, hairy. Flowers blooming before leaf emergence; hypanthium tubular to tubular-urceolate, 4–7 mm, hairy externally; sepals erect to spreading, oblong-ovate, 2–5 mm, margins toothed, sometimes glandular, abaxial surface sparsely hairy, adaxial glabrous; petals pale pink, oblong to obovate, 8–12 mm; ovaries glabrous. Drupes black, subglobose, 8 mm, glabrous; mesocarps fleshy; stones ellipsoid, not flattened. 2n = 24 (Japan).

Flowering Mar–Apr; fruiting Jun. Disturbed sites, abandoned plantings; 0–200 m; introduced; D.C., Ohio, Va.; e Asia (Japan).


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