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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 23 | Cyperaceae | Carex

77. Carex arctiformis Mackenzie in N. L. Britton et al., N. Amer. Fl. 18: 97. 1931 (as arctaeformis).

Carex canescens Linnaeus subsp. arctiformis (Mackenzie) Calder & Roy L. Taylor; C. heleonastes Linnaeus f. var. robustior Kükenthal

Plants densely cespitose, in large clumps; rhizomes short. Culms erect, strict, stoutish (2.5–4 mm at base), (15–)20–50 cm. Leaves: sheaths pale brown abaxially, inner band hyaline, concave at summit; ligules slightly longer than wide, acutish; blades pale gray-green to bluish green, flat, 10–30 cm × 2–4 mm, subequal to shorter than culms. Inflorescences 1.5–3(–4) cm × 8–14 mm; proximal bracts shorter than to exceeding spikes; distal bracts scalelike. Spikes 3–6, gynecandrous, closely approximate, proximal spikes only slightly separate, containing 15–30 perigynia, ovoid to short-oblong, 6–10 × 4–6 mm; terminal spike staminate for less than 1/2 of length, not or scarcely clavate. Pistillate scales dull green-white, often red-brown tinged, midvein green, margins white-hyaline, ovate, subequal to somewhat concealing perigynia, apex cuspidate to acute. Perigynia appressed-ascending, gray-green, sometimes dark brown in age, obscurely many-veined faces, ovate-elliptic, 2.5–3 × 1.5 mm, widest near middle, membranous; beak nearly entire or few marginal teeth. Achenes yellow-brown, oblong-obovate, 1.5 × 1–1.25 mm, dull to slightly glossy. 2n = 56.

Fruiting May–Jun. Sphagnum bogs, other wet places, mostly lowlands; 0–50 m; B.C.; Alaska.


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