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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 23 | Cyperaceae | Carex

478. Carex engelmannii L. H. Bailey, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts. 22: 132. 1887 (as engelmanni).

Carex breweri Boott var. paddoensis (Suksdorf) Cronquist; C. engelmannii var. paddoensis (Suksdorf) Kneucker; C. paddoensis Suksdorf

Rhizomes 1 mm thick. Culms 7–15 cm, 2–2.5 mm thick at base. Leaves: sheaths to 1.5 cm, fronts uniformly colorless or pale brown; blades with conspicuous median groove, flattened dorsiventrally, elliptic in cross section, 6–15(–18) cm × 0.3–0.6 mm, lacking conspicuous air cavities. Inflorescences 0.7–1.5 cm × 6–8 mm, staminate portion less than 2 mm. Pistillate scales yellow-brown medially, 1-veined, equaling perigynia in length and width, apex acute, involute, appearing acuminate, awns absent. Anthers 1.5–2 mm. Perigynia veinless, sessile, elliptic, 3.5–5 × 1.5–2.5 mm, base rounded, apex acute; beak erose; rachilla longer than fruit. Stigma 1.5–2.5 mm. Achenes stalked to 0.2 mm.

Fruiting Sep. Dry rocky slopes, alpine tundra; above 2300 m in Cascades and 3000 m in Rockies; B.C.; Colo., Idaho, Mont., Nev., Utah, Wash., Wyo.

Carex engelmannii occurs north and east of the range of C. breweri; both species occur on Mt. Adams, Washington. Carex engelmannii is most similar to C. subnigricans. It differs in the inrolled scale margins, the larger, sessile perigynia, the stipitate achene, and leaf cross sectional shape. It occurs in drier habitats usually to the north and east of the range of C. subnigricans. Relationships among the three species placed in the section, as well as their relationships to other unispicate sections, should be studied further.


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