206. Carex media R. Brown in J. Franklin et al., Narr. Journey Polar Sea. 750. 1823.
Carex alpina Liljeblad var. inferalpina Wahlenberg, C. angare Steudel; C. norvegica Retzius subsp. inferalpina (Wahlenberg) Hultén
Plants densely or loosely cespitose. Culms 15–50(–70) cm, distally scabrous. Leaves 2–4 mm wide. Inflorescences: proximal bracts shorter than or exceeding inflorescence; lateral 1–2(–4) spikes pistillate; proximal spikes distant, erect, and short-pedunculate; distal lateral and/or terminal spikes overlapping, sessile, contiguous, and forming dense terminal cluster, globose or oblong, 5–12 × 3–6 mm; terminal spike gynecandrous. Pistillate scales dark brown to black to margins or distally hyaline, ovate or lanceolate, shorter than (often 1/2 the length), as broad as perigynia, midvein same color as body, inconspicuous. Perigynia erect or spreading, proximal ones sometimes reflexed, pale green becoming golden brown, veinless or few-veined from base to summit, ovate, 2.5–3.5 mm, distal margins occasionally serrulate, apex gradually or abruptly beaked, smooth or papillose; beak 0.3–0.4 mm, bidentate, smooth or serrulate. Achenes nearly filling body of perigynia.
Fruiting Jun–Aug. Forest openings, meadows, bog margins; 100–1800 m; Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., Nfld. and Labr. (Labr.), N.W.T., Ont., Que., Sask., Yukon; Alaska, Iowa, Maine, Mich., Mont., Oreg., Wash., Wis.; Eurasia.
Carex media is circumboreal with extensions southward to the mountains of Montana, Oregon, and Washington, the driftless area of Iowa and Wisconsin, and the maritime provinces of eastern Canada. It occurs together with C. norvegica only in Quebec and Newfoundland (Labrador), where intermediates are known. All references to C. norvegica west of Hudson Bay are to this species.