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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 23 | Cyperaceae | Carex

35b. Carex muehlenbergii Schkuhr ex Willdenow var. enervis Boott, Ill. Carex. 3: 124, plate 400. 1862.

Carex à utricule lisse

Carex onusta Mackenzie; C. plana Mackenzie

Pistillate scales 2–2.5 × 1.2–1.8 mm. Perigynia veinless adaxially, 2.7–3.1 × 1.8–2.3 mm; beak 0.2–0.6(–1.0) mm.

Fruiting late spring–early summer. Dry grasslands, open forests, commonly on sand; 10–300 m; Ont.; Ala., Ark., Conn., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., Nebr., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Vt., Va., W.Va.

The distribution and ecology of Carex muehlenbergii var. enervis are unclear due to confusion with var. muehlenbergii. Plants of var. muehlenbergii that have a veinless perigynium have often been misidentified as var. enervis, but those plants are otherwise identical to var. muehlenbergii. Carex muehlenbergii var. muehlenbergii usually occurs on basic to slightly acidic soils; var. enervis often occurs on more acidic soils. It is not clear, however, whether that correlation is consistent.


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