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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 23 | Cyperaceae | Carex

5. Carex oklahomensis Mackenzie, Torreya. 14: 126. 1914.

Carex stipata Muhlenberg ex Willdenow var. oklahomensis (Mackenzie) Gleason

Plants with basal sheaths of previous year not persistent. Culms not easily compressed, angles obtuse, to 80 cm × 2 mm, glabrous. Leaves: sheaths of proximal 2–3 leaves bladeless, fronts smooth, indistinctly linearly veined, forming tubular extension distal to sheath-blade junction, apex colorless, fragile, U-shaped, entire; ligules obtuse, 4 mm, free limb to 3 mm; blades not epistomic, to 75 cm × 5 mm. Inflorescences densely spicate, elongate, with 15–20 distinguishable branches, 5–10 × 2.5 cm; proximal internode to 10 mm. Scales pale brown with hyaline margins. Perigynia pale brown with red-brown veins, 10–12-veined abaxially, 7-veined adaxially, to 5 × 1.7 mm, base distended proximally, cordate; stipe to 0.2 mm; beak to 2.5 mm, serrulate. Achenes broadly ovate, 1.7 × 1.5 mm; stalk to 0.15 mm; persistent style base cylindric, 0.15 mm.

Fruiting May–Jun. Seasonally saturated or inundated soils in wet meadows, marshes, alluvial bottomlands; 0–1500 m; Ark., Del., Kans., Ky., Ind., Ill,. Md., Miss., Mo., Okla., N.C., Tenn., Tex., Va.

Although Carex oklahomensis resembles C. stipata in inflorescence and perigynium characteristics, C. oklahomensis is distinguished by its firm, obtuse-angled stems, bladeless basal sheaths, and tubular extension of the smooth sheath fronts.

Northern and eastern records of Carex oklahomensis are mostly recent and the species may be increasing its range.


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