50. Carex sartwellii Dewey, Amer. J. Sci. Arts. 43: 90. 1842.
Carex de Sartwell
Culms trigonous, scabrous-angled distally, (30–)40–120 cm; vegetative culms somewhat taller. Leaves: basal sheaths brown; sheaths glabrous, inner band green, veined, apex hyaline, prolonged 1–4.5 mm; ligules 2.2–8 mm; blades 2.5–4.6 mm wide. Inflorescences nearly cylindric, except near apex, 2.5–7(–9) cm; spikes ascending, ovate, 3.2–11 × 1.1–7 mm, basal spikes slightly more prominent than middle spikes. Pistillate scales pale brown to straw colored at maturity, hyaline margins, ovate, apex acute to acuminate, glabrous. Staminate scales pale brown to straw colored, narrowly ovate, apex acute, glabrous. Perigynia (2.5–)2.8–4.1(–4.6) × 1.3–2 mm; beak 0.4–1(–1.2) mm. Achenes brown.
Fruiting Jun–Jul. Fens, wet prairies, sedge meadows, marshes, wet, open thickets, open swamps, stream, pond, and lakeshores, ditches, often in shallow water; 0–2100 m; Alta., B.C., Man., N.W.T., Ont., Que., Sask.; Colo., Idaho, Ill., Ind., Iowa, Mich., Minn., Mo., Mont., Nebr., N.Y., N.Dak., Ohio, Pa., S.Dak., Wis., Wyo.
Carex sartwellii is an important wetland species in portions of the Midwest and West, but becomes increasingly uncommon and local eastward. It forms large, loose clones, but can be easily overlooked because flowering and fruiting are sometimes uncommon. Once seen, the tall, tristichous vegetative culms scattered along the rhizome are distinctive.