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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 23 | Cyperaceae | Scirpus

9. Scirpus ancistrochaetus Schuyler, Rhodora. 64: 44, plate 1266, fig. 1. 1962.

Scirpe à crochets

Plants cespitose; rhizomes brownish, short, tough, fibrous. Culms: fertile ones upright or reclining; nodes sometimes with axillary bulblets. Leaves 5–9 per culm; sheaths of proximal leaves green to whitish or brown; proximal sheaths and blades with septa many, conspicuous; blades 32–68 cm × 7–13(–16) mm. Inflorescences terminal, rarely also with 1 lateral inflorescence from distal leaf axil; rays all arching or sometimes 1 or 2 ascending, distal branches scabrous, proximal branches smooth, rarely scabrellous, rays sometimes with axillary bulblets; bases of involucral bracts green, margins usually speckled with red-brown, not glutinous. Spikelets in clusters of 2–18 (largest cluster with 8 or more), spikelets sessile, ovoid to narrowly ovoid, 3–5 × 2–3 mm; scales brown or blackish brown with greenish midribs, elliptic, 1.5–2.5 mm, apex slightly mucronate, mucro 0.05–0.1(–0.2) mm. Flowers: perianth bristles persistent, 6, stout, straight or curved, slightly shorter to slightly longer than achene, with retrorse, thick-walled, sharp-pointed teeth densely arranged in distal 0.6–0.9, enclosed within scales; styles 3-fid. Achenes pale brown, elliptic to obovate in outline, plano-convex, 1.1–1.7 × 0.6–0.8 mm. 2n = 54.

Fruiting late spring–early summer (Jul). Growing in wet depressions, bogs, sinkhole ponds, or adjacent to pools; 100–1100 m; Que.; Md., Mass., N.H., N.Y., Pa., Vt., Va., W.Va.

Scirpus ancistrochaetus occasionally hybridizes with S. hattorianus. Scirpus ancistrochaetus once grew in Washington County, New York; it is apparently no longer present in the state.

Scirpus ancistrochaetus is in the Center for Plant Conservation’s National Collection of Endangered Plants.


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