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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 4 | Chenopodiaceae | Chenopodium

5. Chenopodium macrospermum Hooker f., Fl. Antarct. 2: 341. 1846.

Chenopodium farinosum (S. Watson) Standley; C. murale Linnaeus var. farinosum S. Watson; C. macrospermum var. halophilum (Philippi) Aellen

Stems erect to decumbent, branched from base, 1-6 dm, farinose. Leaves nonaromatic; petiole 0.01-0.25 cm; blade deltate or trullate to narrowly trullate, rarely lanceolate, 0.8-6 × 0.4-3.6 cm, base cuneate, margins serrate, apex acute. Inflorescences glomerules in terminal dense spikes; glomerules subglobose, 3-5 mm diam.; bracts absent. Flowers: perianth segments connate into 0.5 mm tube; lobes deltate, 0.2-0.3 × 0.7-0.8 mm, apex acute, not keeled, glabrous, covering fruit at maturity; stamen 1; stigmas 2. Achenes ovoid; pericarp adherent, smooth. Seeds ovoid, 0.9-1.1 mm diam., margins rounded; seed coat black, reticulate-punctate. 2n = 36.

Fruiting Jun-Sep. Beach, dry lake and creek beds, marshes and muddy areas, waste areas; 0-10 m; introduced; B.C.; Calif., N.C., Wash.; South America (Argentina, Bolivia, Paraguay).

Chenopodium macrospermum is native and diverse in South America. Much, if not all, of the North American material is introduced from there and appears to represent more than one part of the variation. Until a reliable treatment of the South American material is published we are not assigning names to the variants in North America.


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