13. Lewisia pygmaea (A. Gray) B. L. Robinson in A. Gray et al., Syn. Fl. N. Amer. 1: 268. 1897.
Talinum pygmaeum A. Gray, Amer. J. Sci. Arts, ser. 2, 33: 407. 1862 (as pygnaeum); Calandrinia grayi Britton; C. pygmaea (A. Gray)A. Gray 1873, not F. Mueller 1859; Lewisia exarticulata H. St. John; L. glandulosa (Rydberg) Clay; L. minima (A. Nelson) A. Nelson; L. pygmaea var. aridorum Bartlett; L. pygmaea subsp. glandulosa (Rydberg) Ferris; L. sierrae Ferris; Oreobroma aridorum (Bartlett) A. Heller; O. exarticulatum (H. St. John) Rydberg; O. glandulosum Rydberg; O. grayi (Britton) Rydberg; O. minimum A. Nelson; O. pygmaeum (A. Gray) Howell
Taproots gradually ramified distally or shortly fusiform, rarely subnapiform. Stems ± prostrate or suberect, becoming reflexed in fruit, 1-6 cm. Leaves: basal leaves withering at or soon after anthesis, ± sessile or gradually tapered to long petiole, blade linear to linear-oblanceolate, ± flattened, 3-9 cm, margins entire, apex acute to obtuse; cauline leaves absent. Inflorescences 2-4(-7)-flowered in racemose cymes or with flowers borne singly; bracts 2, opposite, plus 1 subtending each successive flower if more than 1 flower, linear-oblong, linear-lanceolate, or lanceolate, (2-)4-10 mm, margins glandular-toothed, sometimes eglandular-toothed, apex acute. Flowers pedicellate, not disarticulate in fruit, 1.5-2 cm diam.; sepals 2, suborbiculate, broadly ovate, or obovate, 2-6 mm, herbaceous at anthesis, margins usually glandular-toothed, sometimes eglandular-toothed or rarely ± entire, apex usually truncate, sometimes rounded, obtuse, subacute, or apiculate; petals 5-9, white, pink, or magenta, sometimes green at base, narrowly oblong, elliptic, or oblanceolate, 4-10 mm; stamens (4-)5-8; stigmas 3-6; pedicel 2-5(-10) mm. Capsules 4-5 mm. Seeds 15-24, 1-2 mm, shiny, smooth. 2n = ca. 66.
Flowering late spring-late summer. Open places in short turf or gravelly or rocky substrates; 2300-4200 m; Alta., B.C., Yukon; Ariz., Calif., Colo., Idaho, Mont., Nev., N.Mex., Oreg., Utah, Wash., Wyo.
The circumscription and diagnosis of Lewisia pygmaea is problematic because of morphologic variability, intermediacy, and/or hybridization with L. nevadensis (see L. T. Dempster 1990). In the range of typical forms of L. nevadensis (see discussion under 11. L. nevadensis), one or more forms of L. pygmaea will also occur, but at higher elevations. Segregates of L. pygmaea recognized elsewhere as species include L. glandulosa, which occurs in rocky substrates above 3000 m in the central and southern Sierra Nevada and is characterized by elongate, sinuous taproots (L. T. Dempster 1990); and L. sierrae, which occurs in moist flats above 2400 m in the central Sierra Nevada and includes diminutive plants with irregularly eglandular-toothed (occasionally entire) sepals (B. Mathew 1989b). Dempster postulated that the variable and widely distributed L. pygmaea represents a hybrid species derived from L. nevadensis and L. glandulosa.