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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 9 | Rosaceae | Crataegus

5. Crataegus spathulata Michaux, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 288. 1803.

Littlehip hawthorn

Crataegus microcarpa Lindley

Shrubs or trees, 30–70 dm, branching often tabulate when open grown. Stems: 3-year old twigs deep purple-brown, older dark gray; 3-year old thorns on twigs blackish, ± straight, 3–4(–5) cm. Leaves: petiole short; blade usually dark green, ˂sometimes ± glaucous˃, narrowly or broadly spatulate, 1.5–3 cm, base cuneate, lobes 0 or 1 per side, lobe apex acute to rounded, margins subentire, crenate, or serrate, veins 3 per side (extending to sinuses and lobes), apex subacute to acute, surfaces usually glabrous, marginal and scattered abaxial hairs, adaxial midvein with long hairs (± dense young). Inflorescences 20–30-flowered; branches glabrous; largely ebracteolate, sometimes a few curved, green stipular bractlets; bracteole margins eglandular or with very few, very small glands. Flowers strong-smelling, 10 mm diam.; hypanthium glabrous; stamens 20, anthers pale yellow; styles 3–5. 2n = 34, 51.

Flowering Apr; fruiting Sep–Nov. Brush, calcareous substrates; 10–500 m; Ala., Ark., Fla., Ga., Ky., La., Miss., Mo., N.C., Okla., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Va.

Crataegus spathulata is locally common across the southern states from southern Missouri to Virginia south to eastern Texas to Florida.

Mature Crataegus spathulata has very attractive, often honey-colored, exfoliating bark. The illustration herein depicts an atypically large, unusually shaped, herbaceous bracteole.


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