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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 19, 20 and 21 | Asteraceae | Crepis

18. Crepis pulchra Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 806. 1753.

Smallflower hawksbeard

Annuals, 5–100 cm (taproots slender). Stems 1, erect, simple, proximally hispid and stipitate-glandular (viscid), distally gla­brous. Leaves basal and cauline; petiolate; blades oblanceolate or runcinate, 1–24 × 1–5 cm, (bases attenuate) margins deeply pinnately lobed to denticulate (lobes triangular, terminal lobes largest), apices obtuse to acute, faces densely stipitate-glandular (viscid). Heads 10–40, in loose, corymbiform arrays. Calyculi of 5–7, ovate or lanceolate, glabrous bractlets 1–2 mm. Involucres cylindric (turbinate in fruit), 8–12 × 3–5 mm. Phyllaries 10–14, (green medially) lanceolate, 8–10 mm, (bases strongly keeled and thickened, margins scarious), apices acute, faces glabrous. Florets 15–30; corollas light yellow, 5–12 mm. Cypselae (monomorphic or dimorphic) green to yellowish brown, subcylindric, outer 5–6 mm, inner 4–5 mm, apices attenuate (not beaked), ribs 10–12; pappi dusky white (very fine, fluffy), 4–5 mm. 2n = 8.

Flowering Apr–Aug. Dry open habitats, rolling grasslands, pastures, abandoned fields, waste areas, railroads, roadsides; 0–3000 m; introduced; Ont.; Ala., Ark., D.C., Ga., Ill., Ind., Ky., La., Md., Miss., Mo., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Oreg., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Va., W.Va.; Eurasia.

Crepis pulchra is identified by its annual habit; solitary, erect, glandular, and viscid stems; narrowly oblanceolate, runcinate, hispid leaves with relatively large terminal segments; glabrous and strongly keeled phyllaries; sometimes dimorphic cypselae; and fluffy, dusky white pappi.


 

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