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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 6 | Hypericaceae | Hypericum

20. Hypericum adpressum W. P. C. Barton, Comp. Fl. Philadelph. 2: 15. 1818.

Creeping St. John’s wort Creeping St. John’s wort

Brathydium fastigiatum (Elliott) K. Koch; Hypericum adpressum var. fastigiatum (Elliott) Torrey & A. Gray; H. adpressum var. spongiosum B. L. Robinson; H. bonaparteae W. P. C. Barton; H. fastigiatum Elliott; Myriandra adpressa (W. P. C. Barton) K. Koch

Inflorescences <rounded-corymbiform>, 13–60-flowered, narrowly branched, without subsidiary branches. Flowers 10–15 mm diam.; sepals persistent, not enclosing capsule, 5, ovate-lanceolate to lanceolate, subequal, (2–)4–7 × 1–1.5 mm; petals 5, bright yellow, obovate-oblanceolate, 6–8 mm; stamens persistent, 60–80; ovary 3-merous, <placentation parietal>. Capsules ellipsoid to ovoid-ellipsoid, 3.5–6 × 2–4 mm. Seeds slightly carinate, 0.6–0.7 mm; testa scalariform. 2n = 18.

Flowering late summer (Jul–Sep). Marshes, pond margins, wet ditches, bogs, coastal plain; 0–1000 m; Conn., Del., Ga., Ill., Ind., Md., Mass., Mo., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Va., W.Va.

Hypericum adpressum is more herbaceous and rhizomatous than H. sphaerocarpum and has narrower capsules and smaller seeds.

The plants with aerenchymatous tissue in the rhizome (var. spongiosum) are not taxonomically distinct but merely the result of a habitat-induced modification.


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