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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 20 | Asteraceae | Solidago

29. Solidago arguta Aiton, Hort. Kew. 3: 213. 1789.

Cut-leaf or sharp-leaved or Atlantic goldenrod

Aster argutus (Aiton) Kuntze

Plants 50–120 cm; caudices branching. Stems 1 usually, erect, round, proximally glabrous, strigose in arrays. Leaves: basal and proximal cauline tapering abruptly to winged, thin petioles, blades broadly ovate, 100–300 × 30–100 mm, margins sharply serrate, apices acute to acuminate, adaxial faces glabrous or slightly scabrous, or sometimes strigose or strigillose; mid to distal cauline sessile, lanceolate, 50–72 × 10–14 mm, reduced distally, becoming entire. Heads 25–250, secund, in open, leafy, paniculiform arrays with recurved branches (sometimes elongate), branches and peduncles hairy. Peduncles 1.5–3 mm, glabrous or moderately short hispido-strigose, bracteoles 1–5, lanceolate-oblong, often grading into phyllaries. Involucres 2.5–4.5(–5) mm. Phyllaries in 3–4 series, unequal; outer ovate, acute, inner linear-oblong, ciliate, obtuse. Ray florets 2–8; laminae 4–4.5 × 0.4–0.6 mm. Disc florets 8–20; corollas 3.5–4 mm, lobes 0.6–1.5 mm. Cypselae 1.5–2 mm, distinctly ridged, glabrous or strigose distally; pappi 3–3.5 mm.

Subspecies 2 (2 in the flora): North America.

Solidago arguta is reputedly in Ohio but its presence there is unconfirmed. The species includes a number of regional and ecotypal races investigated by G. H. Morton (1973, 1975). A. Cronquist (1980) is followed here.


Morton, G. H. 1973. The Taxonomy of the Solidago arguta–boottii Complex. Ph.D. dissertation. University of Tennessee.

1 Cypselae glabrous; s Maine to Virginia, w to Kentucky, Tennessee, and s Missouri   29a.1 Solidago arguta var. arguta
+ Cypselae strigillose (at least distally); Kentucky, Maryland, Virginia, and West Virginia, south   (2)
2 (1) Leaves relatively firm, the basal usually proximally ± truncate; (shale barrens) e Kentucky, w Maryland, w Pennsylvnia, w Virginia, e WestVirginia   29a.2 Solidago arguta var. harrisii
+ Leaves less firm, the basal tapering; Virginia to n Florida, w to Kentucky, occasional in Arkansas, Louisiana, and Missouri   (3)
3 (2) Leaves glabrous; Virginia to n Florida, w to West Virginia, Kentucky and occasionally to s Missouri, Arkansas, Louisiana   29b.1 Solidago arguta var. caroliniana
+ Leaves (especially the proximal) strigose or strigillose; (drier places) Alabama to South Carolina, Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, s Missouri, Tennessee   29b.2 Solidago arguta var. boottii


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