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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 7 | Brassicaceae | Cakile

2. Cakile lanceolata (Willdenow) O. E. Schulz in I. Urban, Symb. Antill. 3: 504. 1903.

Raphanus lanceolatus Willdenow, Sp. Pl. 3: 562. 1800

Annuals, (usually sprawling). Stems erect to prostrate, (much-branched), often 5+ dm. Cauline leaves (shortly petiolate or sessile); blade broadly ovate to ovate-lanceolate, or (distal) oblanceolate, (not especially fleshy, smaller distally), margins entire, dentate, or pinnatisect. Racemes often 3+ dm; rachis straight. Fruiting pedicels 1.5-4 mm. Flowers: sepals 3.5-5 mm, lateral pair saccate basally; petals usually white, rarely lavender, 4.9-9.4 × 3-4.5 mm, claw distinct. Fruits (weakly 4-angled to terete, striate or sulcate), fusiform or lanceoloid [turbinate], 15-31 × 3-4 mm; proximal segment terete, (5-10 mm); terminal segment slenderly conical, (9-18 mm), apex usually acute. Seeds: cotyledons accumbent or, occasionally, incumbent.

Subspecies 4 (3 in the flora): s United States, Mexico, West Indies, Central America.

1 Fruits lanceoloid, apex not tapering abruptly, terminal segment at least 2 times length of proximal segment; leaf blades: margins usually sinuately or crenately lobed, rarely pinnatisect.   2a Cakile lanceolata subsp. lanceolata
+ Fruits fusiform or lanceoloid, apex tapering abruptly, terminal segment less than 2 times length of proximal segment; leaf blades: margins pinnatifid or entire   (2)
2 (1) Fruits fusiform, not constricted at articulation, 4- or 8-sulcate.   2b Cakile lanceolata subsp. fusiformis
+ Fruits lanceoloid, usually constricted at articulation, weakly 4-angled or terete.   2c Cakile lanceolata subsp. pseudoconstricta

Lower Taxa


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