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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 12 | Euphorbiaceae

4. Acalypha chamaedrifolia (Lamarck) Müller Arg. in A. P. de Candolle and A. L. P. P. de Candolle, Prodr. 15(2): 879. 1866.

Everglades or bastard copperleaf Everglades or bastard copperleaf

Croton chamaedryfolius Lamarck in J. Lamarck et al., Encycl. 2: 215. 1786 (as chamaedrifolium)

Herbs, perennial, 1–2.5 dm, monoecious. Stems prostrate to ascending, pubescent. Leaves: petiole 0.1–0.5 cm; blade ovate to orbiculate, 0.3–2.1 × 0.3–1.2 cm, base cordate or rounded, margins serrate-crenate, apex obtuse or acute. Inflorescences bisexual, terminal; peduncle 0.2–1 cm, pistillate portion 1.5–3 × 1–1.5 cm, staminate portion 0.8–2.5 cm; allomorphic pistillate flowers absent. Pistillate bracts crowded (inflorescence axis not or sparingly visible between bracts), 4–6 × 7–10 mm, abaxial surface pubescent and sessile-glandular; lobes (7–)10–13, deltate to triangular, 1/5 bract length. Pistillate flowers: pistil 3-carpellate; styles multifid or laciniate. Capsules smooth, pubescent. Seeds 1.2–1.4 mm, minutely pitted.

Flowering and fruiting year-round, mainly spring–fall. Rocky pine woods, disturbed areas; 0–10 m; Fla.; West Indies.

In the flora area, Acalypa chamaedrifolia is native to Miami-Dade and Monroe counties but has been sparingly, and apparently accidentally, introduced farther north.


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