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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 5 | Caryophyllaceae | Arenaria

6. Arenaria ludens Shinners, Sida. 1: 51. 1962.

Trans-Pecos sandwort

Plants annual. Taproots filiform. Stems 1-18+, erect to ascending, green or reddish, 15-30(-45) cm; internodes ± terete, 1-10 times as long as leaves, dull, retrorsely pubescent in 2 lines. Leaves usually connate basally, with narrow, scarious sheath 0.2-0.5 mm, petiolate (proximal leaves) or sessile; petiole 2-4 mm; blade 1-veined, vein prominent abaxially, usually narrowly lanceolate, elliptic, or oblanceolate, 10-17 × 2-4 mm, herbaceous, margins ± flat, herbaceous, dull, ciliate in proximal 1/ 2, apex acute to acuminate, not pustulate, glabrous; axillary leaf clusters absent. Inflorescences terminal, open, minutely bracteate, 3-45+-flowered cymes. Pedicels erect or ascending in fruit, 3-20 mm, retrorsely pubescent in 2 lines. Flowers: sepals green or often purple, 1-veined, strongly keeled proximally, ovate-lanceolate to narrowly lanceolate (herbaceous portion pale, narrowly lanceolate to linear), 3-4 mm, not enlarging in fruit, apex acuminate, not pustulate, glabrous; petals oblong to broadly elliptic, 2.8-4 mm, 1-1 3 times as long as sepals, apex rounded. Capsules loosely enclosed by calyx, ovoid, 3-3.5 mm, 4/ 5-1 times as long as sepals. Seeds 7-15, dark brown to black, suborbicular, slightly compressed, 0.6-0.7 mm, shiny, obscurely tuberculate (20×).

Flowering late summer-early autumn. Igneous soil on cliffs and ledges; 1000-2000 m; Tex.; n Mexico (Coahuila).

Arenaria ludens may be more closely related to A. lanuginosa than to A. benthamii, the taxon with which it is often confused, if seed morphology is any indication.


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