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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 5 | Polygonaceae | Eriogonum

50. Eriogonum mancum Rydberg, Fl. Rocky Mts. 220, 1061. 1917.

Imperfect wild buckwheat

Eriogonum chrysocephalum A. Gray subsp. mancum (Rydberg) S. Stokes

Herbs, matted, scapose, 0.5-1(-1.3) × 1-2 dm, tomentose, grayish. Stems spreading, with persistent leaf bases, up to 5 height of plant; caudex stems matted; aerial flowering stems scapelike, weakly erect to erect, slender, solid, not fistulose, 0.1-0.9(-1.2) dm, tomentose.  Leaves basal, fasciculate in terminal tufts; petiole 0.5-1 cm; blade oblanceolate to spatulate or ovate, 0.5-1.5(-1.8) × (0.2-)0.3-1 cm, densely grayish-tomentose on both surfaces, margins plane. Inflorescences capitate, 0.8-1.2 cm; branches absent; bracts 3-5, scalelike, triangular, 1-3 mm. Peduncles absent. Involucres 2-5 per cluster, cam-panulate, 2-3(-3.5) × 2-3.5(-4) mm, membranous, tomentose; teeth 5, erect, 0.4-0.8 mm. Flowers 2-3 mm; perianth cream to pink or rose, glabrous or sparsely pilose, pustulose; tepals connate proximal 1/ 1/ 3, monomorphic, oblong; stamens exserted, 2-2.5 mm; filaments pilose proximally. Achenes light brown, (2-)2.5-3 mm, glabrous except for minutely papillate beak.

Flowering May-Jul. Gravelly to clayey flats and slopes, mixed grassland, saltbush, sagebrush, and mountain mahogany communities, juniper woodlands; 1100-2000 m; Idaho, Mont., Utah, Wyo.

Eriogonum mancum is widely scattered in Butte, Clark, Custer, and Lemhi counties of southeastern Idaho, in Beaverhead, Broadwater, Carbon, Deer Lodge, Gallatin, Granite, Jefferson, Lewis and Clark, Madison, Powell, Ravalli, and Silver Bow counties in western Montana, and in Big Horn County of northwestern Wyoming. It is disjunct on limestone outcrops in the House Range of Millard County, Utah, no doubt a Pleistocene relic.

 Plants from the rim of Little Mountain west of Kane, Big Horn County, Wyoming (B. E. Nelson 5407, BRY, MARY, NY, RM, UTC), and those just to the north in southern Carbon County, Montana (Lesica 2632, 5379, 5405, 5439, and 5453, MONTU), have tepals with a few long, pilose hairs along the midrib adaxially. These populations are well isolated from others of the species, but the taxonomic significance of this expression has yet to be determined.


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