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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 5 | Polygonaceae | Mucronea

2. Mucronea perfoliata (A. Gray) A. Heller, Muhlenburgia. 2: 23. 1905.

Perfoliate spineflower

Chorizanthe perfoliata A. Gray, Proc. Boston Soc. Nat. Hist. 7: 148. 1859; Mucronea perfoliata var. opaca Hoover

Plants (0.2-)0.3-2(-3) ×0.5-5 dm. Leaves: petiole inconspic-uous; blade spatulate, (1-)2-5 × (0.2-)0.3-1.2(-2) cm. Inflor-escences: bracts 3, spreading to nearly erect, perfoliate, becoming 1-sided and weakly perfoliate apically, connate for nearly their entire length, orbiculate, 0.5-1(-2) cm, apex acute to obtuse; awns 0.3-1.2(-1.5) mm. Involucres 1, 4-angled, distinctly ribbed and usually corrugate, often strongly ventricose, 3-5(-6) mm; teeth 4, spreading to strongly divergent, glandular or strongly hirsute; awns straight, (0.3-)0.5-1.2 mm. Flowers 1; perianth 1.5-3(-3.5) mm, pubescent abaxially; tepals narrowly oblanceolate, erose or fimbriate apically, infrequently entire or 2-lobed; stamens 9; filaments 1-2.5(-3) mm; anthers 0.5-0.8(-0.9) mm. Achenes 2-3 mm. 2n = 38, 40.

Flowering Mar-Jul. Sandy to gravelly flats and slopes, mixed grassland, saltbush, creosote bush, and chaparral communities, pine-oak woodlands; 100-1600(-1900) m; Calif.

Mucronea perfoliata is found in the Coast and Transverse ranges from Stanislaus County south to Ventura County, and in the San Joaquin Valley from Kings County south to the Tehachapi Mountains and the northwestern edge of the Mojave Desert in Kern County.


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