2. Hypnum bambergeri Schimper, Syn. Musc. Eur. 698. 1860.
Stereodon bambergeri (Schimper) Lindberg
Plants large, reddish to yellowish brown. Stems 2-8(-10) cm, dark brown to reddish brown, ascending to creeping, usually little and irregularly branched, occasionally pinnate, branches0.2-0.6 cm; hyalodermis absent, central strand weak; pseudoparaphyllia wide, foliose. Stem leaves falcate to circinate-secund, oblong-ovate to oblong-lanceolate, narrowed to apex, 1.5-2 × 0.4-0.6 mm; base not decurrent, not auriculate; margins plane, sinuate to weakly serrate; acumen slender; costa single, or double and unequal, short to long; alar cells , region well defined, , 3-7 cells high along margin, to 3-6 cells wide; basal laminal cells shorter than medial cells, yellow to orange, walls more strongly pitted; medial cells 30-60 × 4-6 µm, . Sexual condition dioicous; . Seta reddish, 1.3-2 cm. Capsule inclined to horizontal, yellowish, oblong-cylindric, 1.3-1.5 mm; annulus 3-seriate; operculum conic; endostome cilia 2 or 3.
Capsules mature Jul-Aug. Seepage habitats, dry tundra, open conifer forests, mainly calcicolous; low to high elevations (0-2500 m); Greenland; Alta., B.C., Man., Nfld. and Labr., N.W.T., Nunavut, Ont., Que., Yukon; Alaska, Mont.; Europe; Asia.
Hypnum bambergeri is widely distributed in the Arctic and extends southward, especially in alpine sites. The plants are shiny; the leaf margins curve gradually to the insertion or form a weak auricle just beyond the alar cells. Sporophytes are infrequent. The laminal cells pitted throughout separate this species from all others in Hypnum. The usually calcareous terrestrial seepage habitat is also a useful trait.