All Floras      Advanced Search
FNA Vol. 28 Page 542 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 28 | Hypnaceae | Hypnum

11. Hypnum holmenii Ando, Hikobia. 11: 365, figs. 2, 3. 1994.

Stereodon holmenii (Ando) Ignatov & Ignatova

Plants small, pale green to yellow-green. Stems 4-6 cm, yellowish, ascending to procumbent, regularly to irregularly and densely pinnate, branches 1 cm; hyalodermis present, central strand weak; pseudoparaphyllia foliose, lanceolate. Stem and branch leaves falcate-secund, broadly ovate-lanceolate, , gradually narrowed to apex, 1.4-1.6 × 0.5-0.6 mm; base not decurrent; margins plane, serrulate distally; acumen slender; costa double, short; alar cells , region distinct, , basalmost cells hyaline, walls thinner, cells often tearing away with enlarged stem cortical cells; basal laminal cells shorter, wider than medial cells, yellowish or unpigmented, walls thickened; medial cells (50-)60-80 3-4 µm. Sexual condition dioicous or phyllodioicous; . Seta pale reddish, 1.5-2.2 cm. Capsule inclined to horizontal, red-brown, oblong-cylindric, 1.5-1.8 mm; annulus 1-or 2-seriate; operculum conic; endostome cilia 2 or 3.

Capsules mature Jul-Aug. Moist heaths, shrub thickets, spruce forests, calcareous substrates; low to moderate elevations (0-1500 m); Greenland; Alta., B.C., N.W.T., Nunavut, Yukon; Europe (Finland).

In size and general aspect, Hypnum holmenii often resembles H. plicatulum, but differs in its usually not markedly auriculate leaves and differentiated alar cells. The enlarged alar cells are not differentiated in H. plicatulum. From H. callichroum, H. holmenii differs in its gradually differentiated alar cells (abruptly differentiated in the former). Hypnum hamulosum differs in its strongly hamate stem leaves and less differentiated alar cells. Hypnum holmenii often resembles related species, thus its distribution has been inadequately documented. The plants are shiny and loosely affixed to the substrate; the pseudoparaphyllia margins are irregularly dentate.


Related Objects  
  • Distribution Map
  • Map

     |  eFlora Home |  People Search  |  Help  |  ActKey  |  Hu Cards  |  Glossary  |