21. Hypnum subimponens Lesquereux, Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc. n. s. 13: 14. 1865.
Stereodon subimponens (Lesquereux) Brotherus
Plants medium-sized, , pale yellow-green to golden green. Stems 2-10 cm, yellowish to pale green, creeping, , regularly and closely pinnate to plumose, branches 0.2-1.5 cm; hyalodermis present, central strand weak or absent; pseudoparaphyllia foliose. Stem leaves circinate-secund, ovate-lanceolate, , gradually narrowed to apex, 1.5-2.8 × 0.4-0.6 mm; base not decurrent; margins plane, sinuate proximally, serrate toward apex; apex narrowly acuminate; costa double, short, indistinct, less than 1/3 leaf length; alar region slightly differentiated, of 3 or 4 cells at extreme basal angles; basal laminal cells shorter, broader than medial cells, not strongly pigmented, walls pitted; medial cells 50-80(-90) × 3-4 µm. Sexual condition dioicous; . Seta red- brown, 2.5-3 cm. Capsule erect to suberect, light brown, cylindric, 3-5 mm; annulus 1-3-seriate; operculum conic or rostellate; endostome cilia unknown.
Capsules mature May-Jun. Epiphytic on living trees, cliffs, vertical rock faces, decaying logs, terrestrial; low to moderate elevations (0-1500 m); B.C., N.W.T., Nunavut, Yukon; Alaska, Calif., Idaho, Mont., Oreg., Wash.; e Asia.
Specimens of Hypnum subimponens from Arctic regions are problematic; in fact, any specimens from horizontal surfaces can be difficult to place accurately. Sporophytes, produced in spring, are frequent only on vertical surfaces and then often abundant. Unlike similar species in western North America, H. subimponens produces cylindric, erect capsules (slightly curved below the mouth when mature). Hypnum lindbergii has falcate-secund leaves, while those in H. subimponens are circinate-secund to strongly hamate. Key traits of the stem leaves separate H. subimponens from H. hamulosum, and the former is usually more than twice the size of the latter. See also discussions of 3. H. callichroum, 11. H. holmenii, and 16. H. plicatulum. Plants of H. subimponens have branches 0.5-1 mm wide; the alar cells are slightly bulging, hyaline, and thin-walled.