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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 8 | Ericaceae | Gaylussacia

7. Gaylussacia frondosa (Linnaeus) Torrey & A. Gray in J. Torrey, Fl. New York. 1: 449. 1843.


Decachaena frondosa (Linnaeus) Small; Vaccinium frondosum Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 351. 1753

Plants 7.5-20 dm, forming small to extensive colonies; branches spreading; twigs of current season pale green, glabrous or glabrate. Leaves: petiole 2-3 mm; blade greenish white, glaucescent abaxially, green to yellowish green, dull green adaxially, ovate to oblong, 2.5-5(-6) × 2-3 cm, subcoriaceous, base cuneate, margins entire, apex rounded to obtuse, surfaces short-hairy (hairs white) or glabrous, sessile-glandular abaxially. Inflorescences drooping, 2-4-flowered, sometimes flowers solitary, bracteate, 1-4.5 cm, glabrous or pilose; bracts early-deciduous, leaflike or not, 5-6 mm, shorter than pedicels, sessile-glandular, sparsely hairy. Pedicels 8-15(-20) mm, glabrous, sessile-glandular; bracteoles 1-2, 1-2.5 mm, (sessile-glandular). Flowers: sepals 5, 1-1.2 mm, glabrous, sessile-glandular; petals 5, corolla greenish white, campanulate-conic, 3-5 mm, lobes deltate, 1-1.4 mm; filaments 0.5-1 mm, pilose; anthers included (tips barely exserted), 2.5 mm, thecae not divergent distally; ovary glabrous. Drupes juicy, sweet, blue (sometimes black, rarely white), glaucescent, 5-8 mm diam., glabrous. Seeds 1.5 mm.

Flowering late spring. Upland sites in deciduous oak-hickory woods and pine hardwoods, roadsides, pastures, and utility rights-of-way, moist to wet acidic shrub swamps and pocosins, streamhead ecotones, moist to wet pine savannas and flatwoods; 0-300 m; Conn., Del., Ga., Md., Mass., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Pa., R.I., S.C., Va.


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