1. Acourtia runcinata (D. Don) B. L. Turner, Phytologia. 38: 460. 1978.
Featherleaf desertpeony, desert paeonia
Clarionia runcinata Lagasca ex D. Don, Trans. Linn. Soc. London 16: 207. 1830
Plants 5–35 cm. Leaves basal; petioles 0.5–9 cm; blades oblong-oblanceolate, 2.5–23 cm, bases cuneate, margins pinnately lobed (lobes ovate), spinulose-dentate, apices acute, faces hirtellous and/or finely stipitate-glandular. Heads borne singly or 2–3 together (on scapiform peduncles). Involucres turbinate, 14–17 mm. Phyllaries in 2–4 series, lanceolate to subulate (3–15 mm), margins glandular-hairy, apices acuminate, abaxial faces glandular. Receptacles reticulate, hispidulous. Florets 25–53; corollas pink or lavender-pink, 12–22 mm. Cypselae fusiform to linear-fusiform, 4–8 mm, stipitate-glandular and/or hispidulous; pappi tan or white, 1–17 mm. 2n = ca. 54.
Flowering year round (mostly Mar–Aug). Juniper forests, oak woodlands, dry matorral, desert scrub on calcareous, sandy clay, and gypsiferous soils; 0–1600 m; Tex.; Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Hidalgo, Nuevo León, San Luis Potosí, Tamaulipas).
Acourtia runcinata is the most widespread species of the genus, within which it is unique in possessing fasciculate, tuberous-fusiform roots. In the flora, it grows in central and southwestern Texas.