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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 21 | Asteraceae | Arnica

12. Arnica mollis Hooker, Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 331. 1834.

Hairy arnica

Plants 15–70 cm. Stems (forming clumps) simple or branched among heads. Leaves (2–)3(–4) pairs, mostly cauline (basal sometimes present); petiolate (petioles relatively short, broad-winged) or subsessile; blades broadly elliptic, lance-elliptic, or narrowly to broadly lanceolate, 4–20 × 1–4 cm, margins entire or irregularly denticulate, apices acute, faces sparsely to moderately hairy (hairs relatively short to long, stipitate glands or soft, silky). Heads 1 or 3–7. Involucres hemispheric to campanulate. Phyllaries 10–22, usually broadly lanceolate, rarely narrowly lanceolate or oblanceolate. Ray florets 10–22; corollas yellow. Disc florets: corollas yellow; anthers yellow. Cypselae grayish brown to black, 4–8 mm, mostly stipitate-glandular, sparsely hirsutulous (hairs white to brownish, simple or bifid); pappi tawny, bristles plumose (with deep, amberlike deposits). 2n = 38, 57, 76, 95, 114, 133, 152.

Flowering Jun–Sep. Moist meadows and conifer forests, stream banks, late snow-melt areas, montane to subalpine; 1000–4000 m; Alta., B.C., N.W.T., Yukon; Alaska, Calif., Colo., Idaho, Mont., Nev., Oreg., Utah, Wash., Wyo.


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