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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 19, 20 and 21 | Asteraceae | Artemisia

9. Artemisia arbuscula Nuttall, Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc., n. s. 7: 398. 1841.

Low sagebrush

Artemisia tridentata Nuttall subsp. arbuscula (Nuttall) H. M. Hall & Clements; A. tridentata var. arbuscula (Nuttall) McMinn; Seriphidium arbusculum (Nuttall) W. A. Weber

Shrubs, 10–30(–50) cm, aromatic; root-sprouting. Stems gray-green to brown, glabrate (diffusely branched from bases, brittle). Leaves (vegetative stems) persistent, gray-green; blades broadly to narrowly cuneate, 3–10 × 2–5 mm, lobed (lobes 3, oblong-linear, to 1/3 blade lengths, mostly 1–3 mm wide, flat, obtuse, laterals sometimes 2–3-fid; leaves on flowering stems deciduous, blades narrowly cuneate, deeply 3-lobed), faces densely hairy (not sticky resinous). Heads usually borne singly, rarely (1–4, erect, mostly sessile, in pedunculate clusters) in spiciform or paniculiform arrays 2–9 × 0.5–2 cm (branches slender). Involucres campanulate or globose-ovoid, (1.5–)2–4(–5) × 1.5–4.5 mm. Phyllaries (margins green) ovate (outer) to oblong, pubescent or tomentose. Florets 4–6(–10); corollas 1.5–2 mm, glabrous. Cypselae (light brown) 0.7–0.8 mm, resinous.

Subspecies 3 (3 in the flora): w North America.

Artemisia arbuscula is one of the more perplexing species in the Tridentatae complex. Anatomic and morphologic characteristics suggest multiple hybrid origins for the subspecies. Deciduous leaves of flowering stems in plants that otherwise have persistent leaves suggest a hybrid origin involving plants of the A. tridentata and A. cana lineages. In most instances, populations of A. arbuscula appear to be reproductively stable. The disposition of Artemisia arbuscula subsp. longicaulis Winward & McArthur (with 2n = 54) has not been determined.

1 Involucres 2–4.5 mm diam.; usually in rocky soils; flowering mid–late summer   9a Artemisia arbuscula subsp. arbuscula
+ Involucres 1.5–2.5 mm diam.; clays or stony soils; flowering early spring–late summer   (2)
2 (1) Leaves broadly cuneate (4–10 × 2–5 mm, often irregularly lobed, lobes rounded, middle lobes overlapping lateral lobes); usually in clay soils; flower- ing early spring   9b Artemisia arbuscula subsp. longiloba
+ Leaves narrowly cuneate (5–10 × 3–6 mm, lobed, lobes 1/2+ blade lengths, laterals to 1 mm wide, of-ten acute); usually in stony soils; flowering mid–late summer   9c Artemisia arbuscula subsp. thermopola


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