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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 21 | Asteraceae | Echinacea

3. Echinacea laevigata (C. L. Boynton & Beadle) S. F. Blake, J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 19: 273. 1929.

Smooth purple coneflower

Brauneria laevigata C. L. Boynton & Beadle in J. K. Small, Fl. S.E. U.S., 1261, 1340. 1903; Echinacea purpurea (Linnaeus) Moench var. laevigata (C. L. Boynton & Beadle) Cronquist

Plants 35–110 cm (roots fusiform, ± branched). Herbage (glaucous) mostly glabrous (leaves sometimes sparsely hairy abaxially). Stems green. Basal leaves: petioles 4–26 cm; blades 3- or 5-nerved, elliptic to lanceolate-ovate, 10–50 × 3–6.5 cm, bases broadly cuneate to rounded, margins usually serrate or dentate. Peduncles 10–40 cm. Phyllaries lanceolate, 3–15 × 2–3(–5) mm. Receptacles: paleae 7–12 mm, tips orange to brownish purple-tipped, often incurved, sharp-pointed. Ray corollas pink to purple, laminae spreading to reflexed, 35–80 × 3–7 mm, sparsely hairy abaxially. Discs conic to spheric, 15–30 × 15–40 mm. Disc corollas 8–9 mm, lobes purple to greenish (usually erect). Cypselae tan, disc cypselae tan, banded, 4–5 mm, usually glabrous (ray cypselae sometimes hairy on angles); pappi to 1.2 mm (teeth unequal). 2n = 22.

Flowering late spring–early summer. Well-drained soils, open wooded hillsides, fields; of conservation concern; 100–1100 m; Ga., N.C., Pa., S.C., Va.

Echinacea laevigata was historically present in Pennsylvania but is now thought to be extirpated; its occurrence in Maryland has not been confirmed; reports of its presence in Alabama and Arkansas are most likely based on misidentifications. It is in the Center for Plant Conservation’s National Collection of Endangered Plants.


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