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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 20 | Asteraceae | Erigeron

129. Erigeron humilis Graham, Edinburgh New Philos. J. 6: 175. 1828.

Arctic Alpine fleabane, petite vergerette

Erigeron unalaschkensis (de Candolle) Vierhapper; E. uniflorus Linnaeus var. unalaschkensis (de Candolle) Ostenfeld

Perennials 2–15(–25) cm; rhizomatous, fibrous-rooted, rhizomes or caudices simple or branched. Stems erect, villoso-hirsute (hair cross walls dark to blackish purple), minutely glandular (conspicuously so proximal to heads). Leaves mostly basal (persistent) and cauline; blades spatulate to spatulate-oblanceolate, 10–50(–80) × 2–7(–11) mm, cauline abruptly reduced distally, margins entire, faces sparsely to moderately villous (hair cross walls dark reddish or purple), sometimes sparsely minutely glandular. Heads 1. Involucres 6–9 × 10–15(–20) mm. Phyllaries in (1–)2(–3) series (usually dark purple), strigoso-hirsute (hair cross walls dark reddish to blackish purple), minutely glandular. Ray florets 50–100(–150); corollas bluish purple to lavender, rarely whitish, 4–6 mm, laminae erect (filiform, 0.3–1 mm wide), not coiling or reflexing. Disc corollas 2.4–3 mm. Cypselae 2.2–2.5 mm, plump, 2-nerved, faces finely strigoso-hirsute; pappi: outer of setae (inconspicuous), inner of 20–30 bristles. 2n = 36.

Flowering Jun–Aug(–Sep). Arctic and alpine tundra, snowbed slopes, pond and stream margins, boulder ridges in streambeds, heaths, ledges, dry gravelly slopes; (Greenland, 0–)1000–2400(–4000, Colorado, Utah) m; Greenland; Alta., B.C., Man., Nfld. and Labr. (Labr.), N.W.T., Nunavut, Ont., Que., Yukon; Alaska, Colo., Idaho, Mont., Utah, Wyo.; n Eurasia.


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