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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 20 | Asteraceae | Erigeron

119. Erigeron melanocephalus (A. Nelson) A. Nelson, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club. 26: 246. 1899.

Black-head fleabane

Erigeron uniflorus Linnaeus var. melanocephalus A. Nelson, Wyoming Agric. Exp. Sta. Bull. 28: 131. 1896

Perennials, 3–12(–21 at lower elevations) cm; fibrous-rooted, rhizomatous, caudices decumbent, often branched, rhizomelike, sometimes taprootlike. Stems erect, distally villous (hairs with black cross walls), minutely glandular near heads. Leaves mostly basal (persistent), some cauline; blades spatulate to oblanceolate, (10–)20–50(–150) × 4–6(–15) mm, cauline linear, bractlike, margins entire (apices rounded to retuse), faces glabrous or sparsely hirsute, eglandular. Heads 1. Involucres 6–9 × 10–14 mm. Phyllaries in 2(–3) series, sparsely villoso-sericeous (hairs flattened, cross walls black, imparting distinct black color to involucres), glandular. Ray florets 45–74; corollas white to purple, 7–11 mm (mostly 1–2 mm wide), laminae spreading, tardily coiling. Disc corollas 2.4–3.2 mm. Cypselae (oblanceoloid-oblong) 2–2.3 mm, 2-nerved, faces strigoso-hirsute; pappi: outer of setae, inner of 15–30 bristles. 2n = 18.

Flowering Jul–Aug. Rocky slopes, talus, alpine and subalpine meadows, subalpine spruce-fir; 3100–4000 m; Colo., N.Mex., Utah, Wyo.


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