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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 21 | Asteraceae | Eupatorium

10. Eupatorium lancifolium (Torrey & A. Gray) Small, Fl. S.E. U.S. 1167. 1903.

Lanceleaf thoroughwort

Eupatorium parviflorum Elliott [not Aublet] var. lancifolium Torrey & A. Gray, Fl. N. Amer. 2: 85. 1841; E. semiserratum de Candolle var. lancifolium (Torrey & A. Gray) A. Gray

Perennials, 40–100+ cm. Stems (from short rhizomes) single, branched distally, usually glabrous or glabrate, sometimes pilose. Leaves usually opposite (distal sometimes alternate); sessile or subsessile (petioles to 5 mm); blades 3-nerved from bases, lanceolate to lance-linear, 30–50 × 5–13 mm, bases narrowly cuneate, margins serrate, apices acute, faces glabrous adaxially, sparsely pilose abaxially, densely gland-dotted. Heads in corymbiform arrays. Phyllaries 7–10 in 2–3 series, elliptic, 1–4.5 × 0.2–0.8 mm, apices rounded, abaxial faces pilose, gland-dotted. Florets 5; corollas 2.5–3 mm. Cypselae 2.5–2.8 mm; pappi of 30–40 bristles 3.5–4 mm. 2n = 20.

Flowering Aug–Sep. Dry, rolling terrain, clay soils, shade to sun, shortleaf pine and oak woods; 50–200+ m; Ala., Ark., La., Tex.

Eupatorium lancifolium has been combined with E. semiserratum or listed within it as a subspecies; it differs in its habitat as well as in having leaves that are somewhat smaller, typically a dull blue-green (in contrast to yellow-green in E. semiserratum), and 3-nerved from bases of blades.


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