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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 20 | Asteraceae | Eurybia

7. Eurybia saxicastelli (J. J. N. Campbell & Medley) G. L. Nesom, Phytologia. 77: 261. 1995.

Rockcastle aster

Aster saxicastelli J. J. N. Campbell & Medley, Sida 13: 277, figs. 1, 2. 1989 (as saxicastellii)

Plants 40–120 cm; in clones; rhizomes elongate, strong. Stems 1, erect, strict (slightly flexuous distally), simple, glabrous, distally ± villosulous (arrays). Leaves cauline; proximal withering by flowering, narrowly winged-petiolate, blades broadly oblanceolate or elliptic to obovate, smaller than mid; mid and distal winged-petiolate (5–30 mm), broadly elliptic to oblanceolate, (70–)90–140 × 40–50(–60) mm, reduced distally, bases cuneate, with 4–5 pairs of marked veins, margins coarsely serrate (teeth 1–4 mm), slightly revolute, scabrous, apices acuminate; abaxial faces glabrescent, adaxial sparsely pilose, mainly on veins. Heads 1–10, borne singly or in corymbiform arrays. Peduncles sparsely pilose; bracts 0–1, foliaceous, remotely serrulate. Involucres campanulate, 7–11 mm, shorter than pappi. Phyllaries 32–36 in 4–5 series, broadly oblong, strongly unequal, scarious, dark green zones wide, from 1 / 2 distally, margins hyaline, narrow, erose, densely ciliate, apices appressed or often slightly squarrose, obtuse to subacute, faces glabrous, eglandular. Ray florets 10–30; corollas pale white to pale blue, 10–15 × 1.5–2 mm. Disc florets 10–20; corollas yellow turning pinkish, ca. 4.5–5 mm, tubes longer than funnelform throats, lobes spreading, triangular, ca. 1.5 mm. Cypselae tan, fusiform, cylindric, 5–6 mm, ribs 7–11, stramineous, faces ± strigose; pappi of pale stramineous (clavate) bristles 5–7 mm, shorter than to ± equaling disc corollas. 2n = 54.

Flowering late summer–fall. Back edge of spring-flooded, summer-dry, sandstone boulder–cobble river bars with shrubby vegetation; of conservation concern; (600–)1000–1500 m; Ky., Tenn.

Eurybia saxicastelli is known only from the Rockcastle River of Kentucky (J. J. N. Campbell and M. E. Medley 1989) and Tennessee.


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