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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 21 | Asteraceae | Perityle

16. Perityle stansburyi (A. Gray) J. F. Macbride, Contr. Gray Herb. 56: 39. 1918.
[(as stansburii)]

Stansbury’s rock daisy

Laphamia stansburyi A. Gray, Smithsonian Contr. Knowl. 3(5): 101. 1852 (as stansburii)

Perennials or subshrubs, 7–45 cm (often dense clumps to 60 cm across); hirtellous. Leaves: petioles 3–10 mm; blades subdeltate, suborbiculate, or subovate, 3–14 × 3–15 mm, margins usually 2–5-lobed or serrate, sometimes subentire or 3-lobed. Heads borne singly or in corymbiform arrays, 7–8 × 5–9 mm. Peduncles 5–60 mm. Involucres campanulate. Phyllaries 14–22, lanceolate to broadly oblanceolate, 5–6 × 1–2 mm. Ray florets 6–14; corollas yellow, laminae 3–6 × 1.2–3 mm. Disc florets 60–80; corollas yellow, tubes 1.2–1.5 mm, throats tubular to subfunnelform, 2.4–3 mm, lobes 0.4–0.6 mm. Cypselae narrowly oblanceolate, 2–3.5 mm, margins thin-calloused, short-hairy; pappi of single, ± stout bristles 2.5–4 mm plus crowns of vestigial, hyaline scales. 2n = 34.

Flowering spring–fall. Rock crevices; 1200–2600 m; Nev., Utah.

Perityle stansburyi with its large habit, relatively broad leaves, radiate heads, bristle pappus, chromosome number, and wide distribution, fills most expectations as the ancestral taxon of the group of related species called the "southwestern alliance." This natural assemblage of taxa, which is thought to have evolved through geographic displacement and subsequent genetic differentiation, includes P. congesta, P. gracilis, P. intricata, P. inyoensis, P. megalocephala, P. specuicola, P. tenella, and P. villosa. These taxa, which are found mostly to the south and west of P. stansburyi, all have rayless heads and may or may not have pappus bristles. In western and northwestern Utah and adjacent Nevada, P. stansburyi occurs in crevices of rock exposures. .


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