5. Xanthisma gypsophilum (B. L. Turner) D. R. Morgan & R. L. Hartman, Sida. 20: 1404. 2003.
Machaeranthera gypsophila B. L. Turner, Phytologia 26: 117. 1973
Subshrubs, 15–50 cm; caudices branched, taproots 4–15+ cm. Stems 5–10+, often branched in distal 1 / 3 , moderately stout to stout, not wiry, hispid or minutely stipitate-glandular. Leaves: basal withering by flowering; cauline evenly spaced, blades narrowly to broadly oblong to obovate, 5–60 × 2–10 mm, gradually reduced distally, margins unevenly, often coarsely serrate, teeth 5–14 per side, each with white bristle 0.5–2 mm, faces hispidulous and often stipitate-glandular. Peduncles moderately to densely stipitate-glandular, usually ebracteate. Involucres depressed-hemispheric, 0.4–0.7 × 0.9–1.5 cm. Phyllaries in 4–6 series, broadly linear to lanceolate, 1.5–7 mm, apices obtuse to short-acuminate, tipped by white seta, faces densely stipitate-glandular. Ray florets 12–28; corollas usually white, often pink- or purple-tinged abaxially, rarely purple, tubes 1.5–3.2 mm, laminae 8–18.5 × 1.9–4.7 mm. Disc florets 50–120+; corollas 4–6.1 mm. Cypselae oblong to obovoid, 1.5–2.6 mm, 8–14-ribbed, faces moderately to densely whitish to tawny hairy; pappi whitish to tawny, 1.3–5 mm, a few abaxial bristles to 1 / 3 of longest. 2n = 8.
Flowering spring–fall. Gypseous, calcareous, or sandy plains, badlands, outcrops; 900–2400 m; N.Mex, Tex; Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, San Luis Potosí).