1. Myrsine cubana A. de Candolle, Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 2. 16: 86. 1841.
Rapanea punctata (Lamarck) Lundell
Shrubs or trees, to 15 m; branchlets glabrous. Leaves: petiole 4-7 mm, glabrous; blade 3.9-13.2 × 2.4-5.6 cm, surfaces punctate. Inflores-cences: staminate 5-9-flowered, pistillate 3-7-flowered; peduncle 1.3-4.3 × 1.2-2.2 mm. Pedicels: 0.4-1.1 mm in staminate inflorescences, 1-1.4 mm in pistillate inflorescences, glabrous. Staminate flowers: sepals 0.7-1 mm, margins entire, densely glandular-ciliate, apex acute, surface punctate, glabrous; petals lanceolate, 2.3-2.5 mm, margins entire, densely glandular-granulose, apex acute, surface punctate, glabrous; filaments rudimentary; anthers attached at apex of corolla tube, oblong, apex obtuse, epunctate dorsally; pistillode glabrous. Pistillate flowers similar to staminate except sepals 1-1.4 mm; petals 2.5-2.7 mm; staminodes 2.5-2.8 mm; filaments rudimentary; antherodes lanceolate, apex acuminate, apiculate; pistil punctate, glabrous; ovules 3-9. Drupes green to black, 3.5-4.5 mm diam., punctate.
Flowering Oct-Apr; fruiting year-round. Mangrove formations; 0-10 m; Fla.; West Indies (Bahamas, Cayman Islands, Cuba); Central America.
J. M. Ricketson and J. J. Pipoly (1997) discussed the correct application of the name Myrsine cubana. The widely used name M. floridana A. de Candolle is superfluous.
Myrsine cubana has sometimes been confused with M. guyanensis (Aublet) Kuntze, a South American species found in Brazil, the Guianas, and eastern Venezuela; see J. J. Pipoly (1992, 1992b) for the diagnostic features separating these taxa. In addition, M. cubana has a confused nomenclatural history; see J. M. Ricketson and Pipoly (1997) for a discussion.