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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 7 | Brassicaceae | Boechera

37. Boechera gracilenta (Greene) Windham & Al-Shehbaz, Harvard Pap. Bot. 12: 240. 2007.

Arabis gracilenta Greene, Pittonia 4: 194. 1900; A. selbyi Rydberg; Boechera selbyi (Rydberg) W. A. Weber

Perennials; short- or (rarely) long-lived; apomictic; caudex usually not woody. Stems 1-9 per caudex branch, arising from center or margin of rosette near ground surface, (1.5-)2.5-5.5 dm, densely pubescent proximally, trichomes short-stalked, 2-4-rayed, 0.1-0.5 mm, mixed with some simple ones, to 0.8 mm, glabrous distally. Basal leaves: blade oblanceolate, 2-9 mm wide, margins shallowly dentate or sometimes entire, ciliate proximally, trichomes (simple and spurred), to 1.2 mm, surfaces moderately to densely pubescent, trichomes short-stalked, 4-6(-8)-rayed, 0.1-0.5 mm. Cauline leaves: 4-9, not concealing stem; blade auricles 1-3 mm, surfaces of distalmost leaves usually glabrous. Racemes 7-20-flowered, usually unbranched. Fruiting pedicels divaricate-ascending, gently curved downward, (7-)10-18 mm, glabrous. Flowers ascending at anthesis; sepals pubescent; petals lavender, 6-7 × 1.5-2 mm, glabrous; pollen spheroid. Fruits usually widely pendent, rarely horizontal, not appressed to rachis, not secund, slightly curved, edges parallel, (3-)4.5-7 cm × 1.7-2 mm; valves glabrous; ovules 60-96 per ovary; style 0.1-0.3 mm. Seeds sub-biseriate, 1.2-1.8 × 0.9-1.2 mm; wing continuous, 0.1-0.25 mm wide.

Flowering Apr-May. Rocky slopes and sandy soil in pinyon-juniper woodlands and mountain shrub communities; 1900-2300 m; Ariz., Colo., N.Mex., Utah.

Morphological evidence suggests that Boechera gracilenta is an apomictic species that arose through hybridization between B. fendleri and B. pallidifolia; it is superficially similar to the sexual diploid B. perennans but is not closely related (see M. D. Windham and I. A. Al-Shehbaz 2007b for detailed comparison).


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