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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 7 | Brassicaceae | Rorippa

18. Rorippa sphaerocarpa (A. Gray) Britton, Mem. Torrey Bot. Club. 5: 170. 1894.

Nasturtium sphaerocarpum A. Gray, Mem. Amer. Acad. Arts, n. s. 4: 6. 1849; Cardamine globosa (Turczaninow ex Fischer & C. A. Meyer) Kuntze var. sphaerocarpa (A. Gray) Kuntze; Caroli-Gmelina sylvestris (Linnaeus) P. Gaertner, B. Meyer & Scherbius; N. obtusum Nuttall var. sphaerocarpum (A. Gray) S. Watson; Radicula obtusa (Nuttall) Greene var. sphaerocarpa (A. Gray) B. L. Robinson; R. sphaerocarpa (A. Gray) Greene; Rorippa obtusa (Nuttall) Britton var. sphaerocarpa (A. Gray) Cory

Annuals or, rarely, biennials; (terrestrial or of wet habitat, not submerged); glabrous or hirsute. Stems (simple or few- to many-branched from base), decumbent or erect, branched distally, 1-4(-5.5) dm, (hirsute proximally). Basal leaves rosulate; blade margins pinnatifid. Cauline leaves shortly petiolate or sessile; blade oblong to oblanceolate, (lateral lobes oblong to ovate), (3.5-) 4.5-9(-12) cm × 10-25(-33) mm, (lateral lobes smaller than terminal), base auriculate or not, margins pinnatifid to pinnatisect, or (lateral lobes) crenate to subentire. Racemes elongated. Fruiting pedicels divaricate to slightly reflexed, straight or recurved, 1.5-3.7(-4.3) mm. Flowers: sepals ascending, oblong to ovate, 0.7-1.3 × 0.4-0.7 mm; petals yellow, oblanceolate to spatulate, 0.6-1.2 × 0.2-0.5 mm; median filaments 0.9-1.2 mm; anthers ovate, 0.2-0.3 mm. Fruits silicles, straight, globose or subglobose, 1.2-2.5(-3) mm diam.; valves glabrous; ovules 20-42 per ovary; style 0.1-0.7(-1) mm. Seeds biseriate, brown, cordiform, 0.5-0.7 mm, finely colliculate.

Flowering May-Aug. Shores of ponds and lakes, mud flats, stream edges, moist grounds; 1200-3300 m; Ariz., Calif., Colo., Idaho, N.Mex., Tex., Utah, Wyo.; Mexico (Chihuahua).


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