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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 7 | Brassicaceae | Physaria

10. Physaria bellii G. A. Mulligan, Canad. J. Bot. 44: 1662, fig. 1, plate 1, fig. 3. 1966.

Bell’s or Front Range twinpod

Perennials; caudex simple, (relatively large); densely (silvery) pubescent, trichomes (sessile, appressed), rays furcate, fused at base. Stems simple from base, decumbent to nearly prostrate, 0.5-1.3 dm. Basal leaves (strongly rosulate; shortly petiolate); blade broadly obovate, 1.5-7.5 (width 7.5-26 mm, base gradually tapering to petiole), margins shallowly dentate, (apex obtuse). Cauline leaves: blade oblanceolate to broadly obovate, 1-2.5 cm, margins entire. Racemes dense. Fruiting pedicels (divaricate-ascending to widely spreading, slightly sigmoid to curved), 7-12 mm. Flowers: sepals (pale yellow or yellow-green), narrowly lanceolate to narrowly deltate, 4-8 mm; petals yellow, broadly spatulate to obovate, 9-13 mm, (not clawed). Fruits didymous, slightly flattened (contrary to replum) to uncompressed, 4-9 × 2-8 mm, (strongly coriaceous, apical and basal sinuses narrow, deep); valves (retaining seeds after dehiscence), pubescent, trichomes appressed; replum narrowly oblanceolate to narrowly linear-oblong, as wide as or wider than fruit, apex obtuse; ovules 4 per ovary; style more than 3 mm. Seeds compressed. 2n = 8.

Flowering Mar-Jun(-Jul). Dark shale, road cuts, ridge crests, washes; of conservation concern; 1500-1800 m; Colo.

Physaria bellii is often found in shale and limestone soils of the Fountain/Ingleside, Lykins, Niobrara, and Pierre formations. It is in the Center for Plant Conservation’s National Collection of Endangered Plants.


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