5. Tayloria splachnoides (Schleicher ex Schwagrichen) Hooker, J. Sci. Arts (London). 2(3): 144. 1816.
Hookeria splachnoides Schleicher ex Schwagrichen, Sp. Musc. Frond. Suppl. 1(2): 340, plate 100. 1816
Plants 1-3 cm, in loose tufts, clear green distally. Stems sometimes branched. Leaves crowded at stem and branch apices, turgid when dry, lingulate to obovate, 3 × 0.7-1 mm; margins recurved and entire proximally, strongly serrate distally; apex blunt or apiculate; costa ending 4 or 5 cells before apex. Specialized asexual reproduction absent. Sexual condition synoicous or autoicous. Seta yellow, becoming red with age, 1.5-3 cm, slightly twisted, slender. Capsule elongate-ovoid before maturity, cylindric with age, urn 1-1.5 mm when dry, 2-3.5 mm when moist; hypophysis same color as urn or somewhat more pale, 3 mm; columella short- to long-exserted when dry; operculum deciduous, long-conic, apex acuminate; peristome inserted below mouth; exostome teeth 16, split into 32 linear-lanceolate filaments, reflexed inrolled when dry, red, narrowly lanceolate. Spores 14-16 µm, slightly roughened.
Capsules mature summer. Humus covered rock, decaying logs, soil; low to moderate elevations; B.C., Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.), Nunavut, Que.; Alaska; c, n Europe; e Asia (Japan).
Tayloria splachnoides is uncommon; it closely resembles T. acuminata but differs by its blunt or apiculate leaves, long-conic and acuminate operculum, and columella 1-1.3 mm high that is exserted when dry.
The leaves are clustered at stem and branch apices. Both T. acuminata and T. splachnoides have long, 2-fid, red or red-brown peristome teeth that are reflexed and tightly rolled inside the urn when dry.