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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 28 | Brachytheciaceae | Sciuro-Hypnum

3. Sciuro-hypnum uncinifolium (Brotherus & Paris) Ochyra & Zarnowiec, Biodivers. Poland. 3: 175. 2003.

Brachythecium uncinifolium Brotherus & Paris, Rev. Bryol. 31: 64. 1904; Cratoneurella uncinifolia (Brotherus & Paris) H. Robinson

Plants small, in dense or loose tufts, green to yellow-brown. Stems to 3.5 cm, creeping, flexuose, terete-foliate, irregularly pinnate, branches to 4 mm, straight to slightly curved, terete-foliate. Stem leaves appressed at base, wide-spreading falcate-secund to reflexed, closely imbricate, ovate or triangular-ovate, weakly concave, not plicate, 0.8-1.1 × 0.4-0.5 mm; base decurrent; margins plane or recurved below broadest point of leaf, serrulate; apex gradually or abruptly narrowly acuminate; costa to 90-100% leaf length, moderately strong, terminal spine absent; alar cells similar to juxtacostal cells; laminal cells elongate, 30-50 × 5-8 µm; basal cells subquadrate, short-ovate, relatively small, region in 7-10 rows, . Branch leaves similar. Sexual condition autoicous. Sporophytes unknown in North America.

Boulders on stream banks, rock in Populus stands, dry open earth on cliff ledges, humid cliffs; low elevations (20 m); Alaska; Asia.

Sciuro-hypnum uncinifolium has long been considered a Japanese endemic, but recently it was found in Russia in Kamchatka and in the Kuril Islands (I. V. Czernjadieva and M. S. Ignatov 2006; V.Y. Cherdantseva et al. 2006) and also in islands near Alaska and in the Alaskan peninsula (M. S. Ignatov 2007), so it is to be expected in the Aleutian Islands. Sciuro-hypnum uncinifolium is easily recognized by its narrow shoots, appressed leaf bases, and leaves rigidly reflexed, with squarrose to falcate-secund acumina. This species combines the characters of S. reflexum (leaf shape and reflexed acumen) and S. populeum (opaque cells across the leaf base). From molecular phylogenetic analyses by Ignatov and I. A. Milyutina (2007b), it is more closely related to the latter species. Despite its autoicous condition, sporophytes are rare in this species.


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