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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 9 | Crossosomataceae | Crossosoma

1. Crossosoma bigelovii S. Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts. 11: 122. 1876.


Crossosoma bigelovii var. glaucum (Small) Kearney & Peebles; C. bigelovii var. parviflorum (B. L. Robinson & Fernald) K. C. Davis; C. glaucum Small; C. parviflorum B. L. Robinson & Fernald

Shrubs, 0.7–2 m. Leaves mostly fasciculate on short shoots, 5–15 mm (–25 mm on long shoots). Pedicels short to long. Flowers: sepals 4–5 mm; petals 9–12(–15) mm. Follicles (1–)2–3(–4), (5–)7–15 mm. Seeds 4–8, 2–2.5 mm diam. 2n = 24.

Flowering Jan–May. Dry rocky slopes and cliff faces, often in canyons, most commonly on igneous or volcanic substrates, mostly in the Sonoran and Mojave deserts; 50–1700 m; Ariz., Calif., Nev.; Mexico (Baja California, Chihuahua, Sonora).

The name Crossosoma parviflorum was based on specimens from the north side of the Grand Canyon and Sonora, Mexico, and applied to plants with somewhat smaller flowers and fruits than those in most other populations. Further taxonomic research may determine that this constitutes a valid infrataxon; it has not been accepted for the present treatment. Although it is available through specialty nurseries, this species is seldom seen in southwestern gardens as a specimen plant and ornamental.


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