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FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 9 | Rosaceae | Drymocallis

2. Drymocallis arizonica Rydberg in N. L. Britton et al., N. Amer. Fl. 22: 373. 1908.

Arizona drymocallis or wood beauty

Drymocallis glandulosa (Lindley) Rydberg subsp. arizonica (Rydberg) Soják; Potentilla glandulosa Lindley subsp. arizonica (Rydberg) D. D. Keck; P. macdougalii Tidestrom

Caudex branches short. Stems ± tufted, (1.5–)2.5–6 dm; base 1.5–2.5 mm diam., sparsely to densely septate-glandular. Leaves sparsely to moderately hairy; basal 5–22 cm, leaflet pairs (2–)3–4(–5); terminal leaflet broadly obovate-elliptic, 1–5 × 1–2.5(–4) cm, teeth double, 6–18 per side, apex rounded to acute; cauline 1–4, well developed, leaflet pairs 2–3. Inflorescences 5–30-flowered, not notably leafy, compact, 1/10–1/4(–1/2) of stem, narrow, branch angles 5–25°. Pedicels 1–10 (proximal to 20) mm, sparsely to ± densely short-hairy, predominantly septate-glandular. Flowers opening widely; epicalyx bractlets linear-lanceolate to narrowly elliptic, 2–4(–7) × 1–2 mm; sepals spreading, 4–6(–11) mm, apex ± acute; petals not or scarcely overlapping, spreading, cream-white, ± obovate, 3–6 × 2.5–5 mm, shorter than or equal to sepals; filaments 1–3 mm, anthers 0.7–1 mm; styles thickened, 1 mm. Achenes light brown, 1 mm. 2n = 14.

Flowering May–Jul. Streamsides, rocky sites, open forest floors, pine and aspen forests; 1800–3200 m; Ariz., Utah.

Drymocallis arizonica encompasses populations in Arizona north of the Mogollon Rim and in Utah as far north as Garfield and Sevier counties, including the Henry Mountains. It is most distinctive in northern Arizona, where plants commonly have basal leaves with four pairs of lateral leaflets and compact inflorescences. The species intergrades with D. convallaria but is in general shorter and more likely multistemmed. It also shares similarities with D. pseudorupestris but has more developed cauline leaves and a more compact inflorescence. The intergrade zone between all three species and D. deseretica in southwestern Utah is particularly problematic and perhaps indicative of yet additional taxa deserving recognition.


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